Corns on feet are areas of thickened skin in the area the foot that occur as a result of excessive pressure or constant friction. They are part of the body’s defense system that occurs to protect the tissue beneath the skin. If the pressure is present for a long time these changes become painful.
As a result of pressure a special type of callus forms on the smaller surface of the foot and it is called corn. Unlike a callus, corn has a distinctive central prong.
We distinguish two types of corns:
Hard corns (heloma durum) is usually created on the surface of the toes or on the outside of the small toe, which is in constant contact with shoes. Sometimes corns can appear on thickened parts of the foot or below pinch which causes a strong piercing pain with each step.
Soft corns (heloma molle), characterized by occurrence of wet and white rubber bumps, occur between the toes where the bones of a finger is exerting pressure on a finger bone that is adjacent to place where the skin is thinnest and most exposed to sweat. They often occur due to fingers deformation caused by more exposure to a stronger pressure, (so-called “kissing corns”).
Both hard and soft corns are conical in shape and what is specific about their shape is that tips are beyond the surface (from the outside only a small part can be seen), this often results in the appearance of pain.
Sometimes, the pressure on corn can lead to inflammation that can result in sharp pain, swelling and redness.
Causes of corns
Anyone can get corns on feet, but certain groups of people are more susceptible, such as:
-The elderly, whose skin loses its elasticity and thickness / resistance of tissue is reduced with age
-People who spend a lot of time standing-their feet are constantly under pressure
-People with flat feet
-People with other feet diseases (Arthritis, swelling, deformities, etc) where the bone becomes exposed to pressure from footwear or other fingers
The most common among the causes are:
- Wearing high-heels.
- Inadequate form of footwear.
- Prolonged walking or standing on hard surface (usually professionally).
It is necessary to remove all of the abovenamed mechanical causes of corns.
Apply keratolytic agents-funds with salicil acid.
If necessary, seek medical attention.
Corns and calluses are very common. Almost everyone gets them sooner or later. But they rarely become so painful that would require medical attention. Among those who still go to the doctor’s because of the symptoms, the ratio between men and women is 3: 2
Corns and calluses are usually quite harmless, but if you have diabetes, because of the disease, the sensation in your feet is weakened, deep ulcers can develop under the blisters.