Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition or a pain syndrome characterized by pain in muscles, ligaments and tendons accompanied by fatigue. Although the intensity of pain can vary from day to day it will probably never disappear regardless of treatment.
It is very important to note that fibromyalgia does not lead to disability and that with timely diagnosis and treatment you can function quite normally.
Symptoms vary and depend on weather conditions, exposure to stress and they can even depend on a time of day / night. The most common symptoms of fibromyalgia are the following:
• Widespread / diffuse pain. Specific points on the body are painful to the touch, especially the neck, shoulders, chest, elbows, hips and knees.
• Fatigue and sleep disturbances. People with fibromyalgia often wake up tired even though they have slept 7-8 hours a night.
• Irritable bowel syndrome (spastic colon). Constipation is often present, as well as bloating and diarrhea accompanied by abdominal cramps.
• Headaches and TMJ dysfunction. Many have tension headaches, stiff neck and shoulders, and tenderness of the temporomandibular joint.
• Increased sensitivity to odors, sound, light and touch…
It is believed that people with fibromyalgia have a lower threshold of pain because of increased brain sensitivity to external stimuli.
Scientists believe that there is a disorder of neurotransmitters in the brain causing patients to become more sensitive to painful stimuli.
The pressure to specific points in the body thus causes pain in the people suffering from fibromyalgia while the pressure to the same place in people who do not suffer from fibromyalgia causes nothing.
What starts the whole process of hypersensitivity to pain is not clear.
It’s probably a combination of factors, the most important, sleep disturbances, injuries (especially cervical spine), various infections, disorders of the autonomic nervous system, changes in muscle metabolism and increased exposure to stress.
Fibromyalgia Risk Factors:
• Gender. Fibromyalgia is more common in women
• Age. Usually the symptoms start to occur in adulthood, usually between 30-50 years of life.
• Disruption of sleep. Often, people with sleep apnea have fibromyalgia.
• Rheumatic / autoimmune diseases. Fibromyalgia is more common in people who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or rheumatic disease (secondary fibromyalgia).
• Fibromyalgia is often related to Restless leg syndrome.
If you suspect on fibromyalgia, visit your doctor immediately.