Leg pain is one of the more common health problems that people complain to. Leg pain can be a symptom of a serious disorder. Leg pain can be extremely irritating because it can last for a long period of time, hinder the performance of everyday activities, prevent sports, and can sometimes lead to serious consequences, dangerous to health.
People affected by it usually complain of pain and heaviness in legs while performing everyday activities. Leg swelling, leg cramps, rapid tiring of legs when walking are also symptoms that people with sore feet complain about.
Leg Pain Causes
Many causes can lead to leg pain, and some factors are strained muscles, injuries, low bone density, improper posture, lack of calcium, etc. The most common causes that can contribute to occurrence of leg pain are:
Peripheral arterial disease leads to narrowing of blood vessels due to a weakened blood flow in the legs. There may be blood clots that further inhibit blood flow and cause pain. Premature thickening of the arteries in hands and feet occurs in many patients younger than 55 years.
Sciatica (lumboischialgia) refers to the longest nerve in the human body that is thick as our thumb. It is composed of five smaller nerves, and stretches from the lower spine, buttocks and back of the leg to feet. Anything that puts pressure on it or irritates it can cause pain. The pain begins in the lower back and spreads, and can be present in the leg shin or calf, where the pain is most expressed. People suffering from it have difficulty bending their legs at knees; the pain may even occur in the other leg and go back to the source.
Sciatica can cause mild pain that can be kept under control by taking painkillers, but both numbness and pain can, however, become very strong and keep the patient home for days.
Osteomyelitis is an inflammation of bones that affects the joints and causes pain. The causes may be non-specific or specific (TB, syphilis, typhoid, leprosy), and, according to them, the disease is divided into two main categories – non-specific and specific infections (TB, syphilis, typhoid, leprosy). Treatment is surgical and conservative, and the success of treatment depends on timely diagnosis.
Peripheral neuropathy is caused by an inflammation of peripheral nerves (nerves in the body, not in the brain and spinal cord). The damage sometimes occurs as a complication of long-term disorders such as diabetes, alcoholism, vitamin deficiency or a tumor. Likewise, many other damage causes are possible – excessive doses of certain drugs, exposure to certain chemicals (mercury, arsenic or lead), etc. The peripheral neuropathy mainly affects diabetics and alcoholics. This disease can not be directly treated with medications or surgery. If it is determined that the cause of nerve damage is some other disorder, a more thorough treatment of the basic disease should slow down or halt the progression of peripheral neuropathy. If toxic chemicals are the cause of the disorder, you should prevent exposure to the same.
Leg Pain Treatment
Most important is to act on factors that cause the disease. If possible, weight should be adjusted; standing in one place for a long period of time or sitting with crossed legs should be avoided. Whenever possible, it is necessary to raise the legs above heart level.
Clothing and footwear should be comfortable and not overly tightened. Sunbathing legs should be avoided, and it is good to shower them with cold water and to slowly massage them while having a shower.